### Objective Variables

Objective variables are defined to construct an objective function. The objective function is a summation of all variables that are designated as objective-type. Variables are defined as objective function contributions by starting with obj. Thus, the variables obj1, objective, object would be included in the objective function summation.

Additionally, slack variables are included in the objective function. These variables begin with the key letters slk and are defined with a lower bound of zero.

### Minimize vs. Maximize

The objective function is always minimized with APMonitor. Maximizing an objective function is accomplished by minimizing the negative of the original objective.

 ! original objective
maximize z


The objective is modified by minimizing the negative of the original objective function.

 ! modified objective
minimize -z


The APMonitor objective is reported in the minimized form. Thus, a maximized objective with a result of +17 is reported as -17.

### Retrieve Objective Function

The objective function is retrieved as the parameter nlc.objfcnval in a programming script from the apm_tag function such as:

 obj = apm_tag(s,a,'nlc.objfcnval')


This obtains the current objective function value with input arguments s=server and a=application name. An objective may consist of multiple objectives that are maximized or minimized. They are all converted to minimization functions and added together.

### Example

  ! Example model with an objective variable Parameters p1 = 5 Variables objective v1 > 6 Equations objective = (v1 - p1)^2   ! Equivalent model with a minimize objective statement Parameters p1 = 5 Variables v1 > 6 Equations minimize (v1 - p1)^2   ! Equivalent model with a maximize objective statement Parameters p1 = 5 Variables v1 > 6 Equations maximize -(v1 - p1)^2   Solution p1 = 5 v1 = 6 objective = 1